CAS No: 77-92-9
Name: CITRIC ACID
Other Names: 1-2-3-tricarboxy-2-hydroxypropane, 2 hydroxy 1-2-3 propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxypropanetricarboxylic acid, C6-H8-O7, Citraclean, Citretten, Citro.
Usage: Component acidulant in beverages, confectionery, effervescent salts, in pharmaceutical syrups, medicines, in effervescent powders and tablets. Used to adjust the pH of foods and as synergistic antioxidant. Used in beverages, jellies, jams, preserves and candy to provide tartness. Manufacture of citrate salts.
This material is hazardous according to criteria of EPA New Zealand.
- Causes mild skin irritation
- Causes serious eye damage
- May be harmful if inhaled
In emergency dial 111, and then ask for Fire, Ambulance or Police as necessary.
In case of poisoning phone National Poisons Centre – 0800 764 766
FIRST AID MEASURES
||Remove victim from exposure - avoid becoming a casualty. Remove contaminated clothing and loosen remaining clothing. Allow patient to assume most comfortable position and keep warm. Keep at rest until fully recovered. Seek medical advice if effects persist.
||If skin or hair contact occurs, remove contaminated clothing and flush skin and hair with running water. If swelling, redness, blistering or irritation occurs seek medical assistance.
||If in eyes wash out immediately with water. In all cases of eye contamination it is a sensible precaution to seek medical advice.
||Rinse mouth with water. If swallowed, do NOT induce vomiting. Give a glass of water to drink. Never give anything by the mouth to an unconscious patient. If vomiting occurs give further water. Seek medical advice.
|Notes to physician
|For First Aiders
||Wear safety shoes, overalls, gloves, apron, chemical goggles, respirator. Use with adequate ventilation. Always wash hands before smoking, eating, drinking or using the toilet. Wash contaminated clothing and other protective equipment before storing or re-using.
FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
|Suitable extinguishing media
||If material is involved in a fire use water fog (or if unavailable fine water spray), alcohol resistant foam, standard foam, dry agent (carbon dioxide, dry chemical powder).
|Fire fighting further advice
ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
||Wear protective equipment to prevent skin and eye contamination. Avoid inhalation of vapours or dust. Wipe up with absorbent (clean rag or paper towels). Collect and seal in properly labelled containers or drums for disposal.
||Clear area of all unprotected personnel. Slippery when spilt. Avoid accidents, clean up immediately. Wear protective equipment to prevent skin and eye contamination and the inhalation of dust. Work up wind or increase ventilation. Cover with damp absorbent (inert material, sand or soil). Sweep or vacuum up, but avoid generating dust. Collect and seal in properly labelled containers or drums for disposal. If contamination of crops, sewers or waterways has occurred advise local emergency services.
HANDLING AND STORAGE
||Avoid eye contact and repeated or prolonged skin contact. Avoid inhalation of dust.
||Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated place and out of direct sunlight. Store away from foodstuffs. Store away from sources of heat and/or ignition. Keep container standing upright. Keep containers closed when not in use - check regularly for spills.
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
N Av = Not available, N App = Not applicable