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Botanical name: Cymbopogon nardus
Scent: has a well rounded lemon citrus scent, with subtle wood tones, warm and grassy.
Plant parts used: Leaves
Region of origin: Indonesia
Blends well with: bergamot, Orange, Cedarwood, Geranium, Lemon, Lavender and Pine
CAUTION: As with all essential oils, dilute into carrier oils before applying them directly onto the skin. Keep oils away from eyes and mucous membranes. Keep out of reach of children. Store in a cool, dry place. Stop using if there is any irritation. Research each oil well before using.
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Extraction Citronella oil is generally extracted using steam distillation process; using finely chopped fresh, dried or part-dried grass.
Essential Oil Information: This is a volatile oil and is steam distilled using greenish blue, lemon-scented leaves and stem of Cymbopogon nardus (Ceylon citronella) or Cymbopogon winteratus (Java type citronella) plants. This essential oil generally contains citronellal and geraniol.
Citronella oil is available in two different categories such as Ceylon citronella oil obtained from Cymbopogon nardus Rendle, (inferior type) and Java citronella oil obtained from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt, (superior type).
Chemical Composition Citronella oil contains citronellol, geraniol, citronellic acid, borneol, nerol, camphene, citral, citronellal, dipentene and limonene.
Oil Properties It is a colorless or light yellow liquid known for its characteristic woody, grassy or lemony odour. Vapours of this oil causes initial stimulation followed by depression of the central nervous system when inhaled. It is also flammable in nature.
Blends Well With Citronella oil blends well with lemongrass, lavender, peppermint, cajeput, eucalyptus, rosemary, vanilla and bergamot.
Summary This essential oil has slightly sweet and lemony smell and is widely used in perfumery and medicines due to no hazardous impact.
Precautions Citronella oil is less toxic and thus, bears minimal or no risk to the environment or wildlife. Though it is used as air freshener, its fumes can be potentially toxic to birds.